Inverter Installation and Battery Relocation

 

I purchased a Promariner 2500 alternator that was capable of supporting occasional loads such as morning coffee and appliance battery charging without running the generator. While the unit was not capable of supporting the built in 16,000 Btu/hr air conditioner, it would support a smaller unit that might meet nearly all of our South Florida cooling needs when running the main engine underway.

ProMariner 2500 under V Berth

The New Inverter is mounted under the forward bunk in a dry and otherwise unused space. It is powered directly off a battery that is part of the house bank using very short cables.

Controlling the inverter is a challenge. The normal method is to place it in the path from the shore power inlet to the circuit breaker panel. That way, when shore power is disconnected, the inverter automatically picks up the load. We did not want this because shore power is often unreliable and should it fail in the middle of a hot night, we were concerned the inverter would kill the batteries trying to cool the boat.

We wanted a little more power management. The standard Mace 2.5 KW generator will operate the air conditioner and one burner of the stove while charging the batteries and still have a little extra power. The shore power cable will do all that and run the microwave without exceeding the 30 amp (3.6 KW) supply in most marinas.

This means that everything will run on shore power, lots of stuff will run on the Mace Generator and only the small air conditioner will run on the inverter. I wanted to make it easy to run the correct stuff at the right time.

Here is the original AC distribution panel after I added the new Inverter control.

When I originally installed the inverter, I attempted to operate the equipment using the inverter-supplied switch that is intended to switch the inverter on automatically when the shore power is interrupted.

Rather than relying on an automatic switch, I extended the “lockout” switch that Ranger supplied to switch between the generator and shore power. I added a third position to support the inverter. You can see on the right that either the Shore Power, Inverter or Generator can be selected, but only one at a time.

The second air conditioner breaker was added to support the rooftop inverter described elsewhere.

The meter located above the switches shows the voltage present in the boat. Normally this is 120 volts, but it can vary 10 or so volts either way without a problem. This meter may dip briefly when the air conditioner starts.

The bottom air conditioner switch operates the  larger boat air conditioner. The boat air conditioner will operate on shore power or the generator but not the inverter.

The top air conditioner uses less power and can operate on the inverter while underway,.

The inverter has a new control located just above the AC distribution panel next to the helm seat. Position 1, the top position, is selected when the the inverter is required to be on.  The bottom position operates the inverter when power is demanded, but turns off the inverter when no power is required.

The middle position, “OFF” delivers no power, even when the generator is running.To use the inverter alone, select “Generator” on the AC distribution panel and place the inverter control in the “II” position. “Inverter”.

 

I hope this is less confusing to you than it is to me.